Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive aesthetic procedure that consists of the mechanical and controlled removal of the most superficial layers of the skin, producing a very gentle exfoliation that involves the stratum corneum.
As a consequence of this exfoliation, there is a consequent cellular regeneration and increased collagen production. The sessions are not painful and no recovery is needed. It may cause a slight redness or leave the skin a little tight, but it disappears hours later. You can return to normal activity immediately, just use sunscreen after the session.
Although microdermabrasion can be applied on the body, facial use is the most common.
Microdermabrasion can be performed in two ways, with a crystal machine or a diamond tip machine.
Mechanism of action of microdermabrasion
Dermomobilization: It is represented by a mobilization of the tissue content produced both by the negative pressure or suction of the therapy itself and by the sliding of the treatment nozzle, and is externalized through a fold of the treated tissue. It has a decompression action that favors the increase of subcutaneous microcirculation, also producing a stimulation of fibroblastic activity (which causes the regularization of the dermal structure) and a marked increase in the levels of nutrients and available oxygen.
Abrasion: consists of the erosion of the tissue to be treated, which is carried out by the impact of the microcrystals (in the case of microdermabrasion with crystals) or by the action of the abrasive head (in the case of the diamond tip).
Combination of microdermabrasion with an acid:
Microdermabrasion can be combined with the application of an acid to increase the effectiveness of the acid.
In this treatment, mechanical exfoliation is being combined with chemical exfoliation.